By Dr Syeda Khan.M.D (Internal Medicine – Montefiore Medical Center, New York ) MBBS (Deccan College of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad) Aesthetics Training – IAAPAM, Canada & Diploma in Aesthetics – Delhi

  • More than 10 years of extensive experience.
  • Consultant at Apollo Hospitals
  • Former Assistant Professor at the University of South Florida

What Are Chemical Peels?

A chemical peel is a skin resurfacing procedure used on the face, hands, or the neck. As we age the freshness of our skin is lost because of various factors. Exposure to the sun, pollution, wrinkles and sagging of the skin. These are the parts that are generally exposed to the environment, hence they get affected.

Types Of Chemical Peels At Allure:

At Allure, our team of expert doctors first examine your skin and discuss the line of treatment. They will also tell you the benefits and the possible side effects of the treatment. A simple technique is used which involves the application of peels under the guidance of a skin expert to improve the appearance of the skin by removing the outer layer and allowing new skin to appear in affected parts. A solution is applied to these parts or some specific areas that helps the skin to exfoliate and ultimately peel off. The new skin that comes is healthier, smoother and blemish free with less wrinkles. There are different kinds of peels such as Glycolic peels and phenol peel etc.

  • The solutions used in the peel may contain tricholoracetic acids (TCA), alpha hydroxyl acids, or phenol. The number of skin layers that get affected is determined by the solution ingredients and its concentration.
  • TCA Skin Peels use trichloroacetic acid has less bleaching effect than phenol peels. This is great for peeling of a specific area.
  • Phenol on the other hand is used for deep chemical peels. This can be used for a full-face peeling in cases of severe sun damage or wrinkles. Sometimes Phenol can be used to treat partial areas of the face, for instance areas of deep wrinkles around the mouth etc.
  • The different types of chemical peels according to their ingredients and their specific strength. The effect of the peel is also depends on the basic facts like how long it remains on the skin.

Chemical peels works best for:

  • Skin which damaged due to sun exposure.
  • Wrinkles
  • Crow’s feet (fine lines around the eyes).
  • Wrinkles on the upper eyelid.
  • Chicken pox and acne scars.
  • Scars due to a previous injury.
  • Blotchy skin or brown spots.

How is Chemical Peel Performed?

TCA & Alpha-Hydroxy Acid (AHA) Peels:

These are light-to-medium strength peels. These peels are selected on the bases of requirement of the individual patient. Carefully avoiding the lips, eye and the brows area, a solution is applied with the help of cotton swab, sponge or a brush to the affected area. Different concentrations can be applied to the affected area weekly or at regular intervals to get or the best results. TCA or trichloroacetic acid peel is stronger in nature and has greater penetration than

Phenol Peel:

These are deeper strength peels. It takes 1 to 2 hrs to perform this procedure in case it is being done on the full face. If the affected area is limited, for instance wrinkles around the lip, then it takes a little less than half an hour. Carefully avoiding the lips, eye and the brows area, a solution is applied with the help of cotton swab, sponge or a brush to the area. There is usually a little burning sensation, but quite tolerable as the solution also acts as an anaesthetic. Water is used as a neutralizer after the specified time is up and the peel solution has been allowed to work on the skin. After about an hour, a thick coat of petroleum jelly is applied over the area. This helps to cover the protective crust that begins to form on the skin.

After care:

On conclusion of the treatment, petroleum jelly or a protective ointment may be applied to your new resurfaced skin. In certain cases bandage or dressing could be applied. A few people may experience a slight amount of discomfort due to the chemical peel. A bright pink skin very similar to a sun burn may appear a few days after the treatment is completed; this soon fades away. The slight amount of puffiness will also go away after a few days, though the skin will continue to remain a little sensitive. Exposure to the sun should be avoided and a sunblock is absolutely necessary.

The possible Side effects Chemical Peel:

A certain amount of after care is required once the procedure is completed. A possible complication is discussed before the treatment is done. That is why it is imperative that treatments like these should be done under expert and experienced plastic surgeons.

Some of risks include:

  • Infection or an allergic reaction.
  • Unusual and abnormal healing
  • A possible eruption of herpes, in case prone to it.

Exposure to direct sunlight has to be avoided until the pinkness or the redness fades away. It is recommended that you use a good quality sun block and a hat to protect the skin from direct sunlight. Exposure to chlorinated water also to be avoided. If the treatment has been done around the eye then it is advised that you wear a pair of sun glasses when you step out into the sun.


How painful are chemical peels?

Chemicals peels usually sting little bit but they do not cause great deal of pain. The usual discomfort would be irritation, redness and stinging, but you soon get adjusted to it. Peels like alpha-hydroxy, lactic acid, glycolic acid or fruit acid. These are gentle or milder peels.

But if you using peels for wrinkles, pigmentation, superficial blemishes then a stronger peel like the Trichloroacetic acid may be used. The redness and stinging would be more after this treatment. The doctor may also prescribe medication to relieve the problem.

What complications or potential side effects can one expect after a chemical peel?

  • There could be a temporary or sometimes permanent change in the colour of the skin colour. Women who are on birth control pills, or who later become pregnant or they have a previous history of brownish facial discoloration.
  • Scarring and recurrence of cold sores

Disclaimer: Results may vary from person to person depending on medical history, age, gender and lifestyle.The client needs to follow the program as prescribed by Allure Aesthetics Experts



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